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SUSHI & SASHIMI
"The Jewels of Japanese Cuisine"
Fish Varieties &
Related Ingredients
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Author's note: Some fish being exclusively indigenous to or only eaten in Japan, no English names exist for them! I shall do my best to find their Latin names!  
  

Abura Boozu (probably local name): Erilepsis zonifer  
Aburame (Meiname=Aburako=Neu=Mozu): Greenling 
Aburako (Meiname=Aburame=Neu=Mozu): Greenling 
Aigo: Siganus fuscescenus 

-----
Ainame= Hexagrammos otakii 
Aji: Saurel (see picture)  
Saurel varieties:    Katsuaji  
                           Koaji  
                           Maaji (Horse mackerel): Trachurus japonicus  
-----
                           Maruaji: Decapterus maruadsi 
-----
                           Mureaji  
                           Sekiaji  
                           Shimaaji (Striped Jack) 
----- 
                           Tenzenaji (wild saurel)  
Saurel Sushi varieties: "Ajitataki" (finely chopped saurel mest derved on  
                                  top of a "gunkan" and sprinkled with chopped   
                                  leeks)   
Akaamadai (Amadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Shirakawa=Shiroguji):   
            Snapper, Japanese Tilefish  
-----
Akaishidai (Madai=Mugiwaradai=Narutodai=Sakuradai): Porgy, Red Sea Bream 
Akakuzuna (Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Amadai=Shirakawa=Shiroguji):  Branchiostegus japonicus-Snapper, Japanese Tilefish 
Akamachi (Hamadai=Onaga=Onagadai): Ruby Snapper 
Akashitabirame: Sole variety (Cynoglossus joyneri) 
-----
Akayagara(Yagara): Fistularia commersonii 
Akou (Kijihata): A kind of Seabream (Sebastodes matsubarae) 
Amadai (Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Shirakawa=Shiroguji):  
            Snapper, Japanese Tilefish, Japanese Branquillo  
Amagarei(Makogarei=Amategarei=Hosokuchi=Mako=Shiroshitagarei): Marbled Sole 
Anago ("Mejiro"/local name): Conger myriasterCommon Conger Eel  (see picture
(see picture)  (see picture) (see picture) (see picture) (see picture) (see picture
Conger eel variety: Maanago (White Spotter Conger) 
Conger eel Sushi variety: Anago no Shiroyaki (Grilled white conger eel)  
Ankoo (Kutsuankoo=Kiankoo): Frogfish, Angler, Angler Fish, Goose Fish 
Angler related ingredient: Anko no kimo (Ankimo)(Angler liver="Japanese  
                                       Foie Gras")  
Angler sushi variety: "Anko no kimo no Fikusamaki" (Angler liver roll)  
Ao  (Buri=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Ara (Kue=Moroko): Kelp Bass, Kelp Grouper, Saladfish, Niphon spinosus 
Ayame: Japanese Trout  
Ayu: an "Ayu", an "Ai", Samlet, a River Sweetfish  
Bashookajiki: Merlin variety (see picture 
Benimasu (Benizake): Kokanee=Kokanee Salmon=Sockeye Salmon=Red salmon 
Benizake (Benimasu): Kokanee=Kokanee Salmon=Sockeye Salmon=Red salmon 
Binnagamaguro: Albacore (see picture) 
Bora: Gray Mullet: Mugil cephalus  
-----
Mullet variety: Menada: Liza haematocheila
-----
Gray mullet related ingredient: Karasumi (Preserved mullet roe)  
Budai: Leptoscarus japonicus 
-----
Buri  (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Seriola quinqueradiata-Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
            Buri variety: "buri Aburi" (Slightly Grilled Yellowtail) (see picture
Chidai: Seabream variety-Evynnis japonica 
-----  
Chikamekintoki (also called Mehikari-Sparkling Eyes): Priancanthus boops 
-----
Chippu (Himemasu): Trout variety=Kokanee=Kokanee Salmon=Sockeye salmon=Red Salmon  
Dojoo: Loach  
Ezoinainame (Tongo):  
Fugu (Torafugu=Ooofugu=Honfugu=Komonfugu=Mafugu=Shimafugu): Globefish, Oscellate Puffer  
Globefish variety: Honfugu 
                           Komonfugu 
-----
                           Kurosabafugu 
-----
                           Mafugu 
                           Oofugu 
                           Shimafugu 
-----
                           Shirosabafugu 
-----
                           Torafugu 
-----
Globefish related ingredient: Fugu no shirako: Male globefish sperm sacs  
                                           Fugu no Koohyoo Oroshi Nose 
Globefish related sushi variety: "Fugukawanigiri" ("Nigiri" made with  
                                               globefish skin)   
Fugu no Hone Ishi Aji Yaki: Grilled globefish bones 
Fukahire: Shark Fin   
Fukuragi (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Buri=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Funa: Crucian Carp  
Crucian carp related sushi: "Funazushi" (Small preserved crucian carp)  
Fuyu Sawara (Sawara): Spanish Mackerel 
Gennaaurabucha (Irabucha): Blunt-headed Parrotfish, Purple-headed parrotfish 
Gima: Triacanthus biacubetus 
Gindara: Anoplopoma fimbrier 
Gomaaigo (Kae=Hae=Yadouai): Deepbody Spinefoot, Golden Spinefoot 
Gomasaba: Mackerel variety   
Gomasoi: Fox Jacopever Variety   
Gori:  
Guchi (Ishimochi):  
Guji(Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Amadai =Akakuzuna=Shirakawa=Shiroguji):  
            Snapper, Japanese Tilefish   
Gurukun (Takasago=Kaabukaa=Kabukkuwataa): Banana Fish, Blacktip Fusilier 
Hae (Gomaaigo=Kae=Yadouai): Deepbody Spinefoot, Golden Spinefoot 
Hakarime (Mesokko=Maanago): White Spotter Conger, Japanese Conger 
Hakkaku (Sachi=Tokubire=Wakamatsu): Sailfin Poacher (Podothecus sachi) 
Hamachi: A Young Yellowtail 
Hamadai (Akamachi=Onaga=Onagadai): Ruby Snapper 
Hamafueki (Taman=Wiza=Mayu): Bluestreak Emperor, Green Snapper 
Hamako:   
Hamo: Muraoensox cinereus:Sharp-toothed Eel=Conger Eel=Silver=Conger=Pike Eel
----- 
Hanajiro (Ao=Buri=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Harisenbon: Diodon holocanthus 
-----
Hasu (Ishidai=Shimadai=Kuchiguro): Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw 
Hata: Grouper  
Hatahata (Shirohata=Kahata=Kaminariuo): A Sandfish (Arstostopus japonicus)=Sailfin Sandfish=Japanese Sandfish 
Haya:  
Haze: Goby  
Goby variety: Himehaze  
                     Mahaze 
Heidai: Seabream variety  
Himehaze: Goby variety, Flavonigobius gymnauchen 
Himeji (also called Himeichi): Upeneus bensasi 
-----
Himemasu (Chippu): Trout variety=Kokanee=Kokanee Salmon=Sockeye salmon=Red Salmon  
Hirago (Iwashi=Maiwashi): Sardine=Pilchard=True Sardine 
Hiramasa (Ao=Hanajiro=Buri=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Hirame: Sole, Flounder, Bastard Halibut, Galibut, Japanese Flounder,  
            Olive Flounder (flatfish)  (see picture) 
Sole Sushi variety: "Hirame no konbujime" (Sole meat simmered in  
                             seaweed broth)  (see picture
Hirasaba (Masaba): Mackerel=Chub Mackerel=Pacific Mackerel    
Hiredaka (Kanagashira): Gurnard 
Honkatsuo (Magatsuo=Katsuo=Katsu): Skipjack, Bonito, Oceanic Bonito, Skipjack Tuna 
Honmaguro: Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny 
Honsaba: mackerel variety   
Hoshigarei: Turbot variety  
Hosokuchi(Amagarei=Amategarei=Makogarei=Mako=Shiroshitagarei): Marbled Sole 
Houbou: Gurnard (Chelidonichthys Spinosus) 
Ikura (Sujiko): Salmon's Roe=Chum Salmon's roe=Dog Salmon's Roe=Keta's Roe) (see picture
Inada  (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Buri=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Indomaguro (Minamimaguro=Koushoumaguro): Southern Blue Fin Tuna  
                           (see picture) 
Irabucha (Gennaaurabucha): Blunt-headed Parrotfish, Puorple-geaded parrotfish 
Isaki (also called hansako and udogo in Oita Prefecture): Parapristipoma trilineatum 
-----
Ishidai (Kuchiguro=Shimadai=Hasu. also called Chisya or Kuchikuro in Oita Prefecture): Oplegnathus fasciatus- Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw 
-----
Ishigakidai (also called Tentenjisya in Oita Prefecture): Seabream variety-Oplegnathus punctatus 
----- 
Ishimochi (Guchi):  
Itoyoridai: Variety of Seabream-Nemipterus virgatus 
-----
Iwashi: Sardine  
Sardine varieties: Karakuchiiwashi  
                          Maiwashi  (Pilchard=True sardine) 
                          Seiguroiwashi  
                          Urumeiwashi  
Kaabukaa (Takasago=Gurukun=Kabukkuwataa): Banana Fish, Blacktip Fusilier 
Kabukkuwataa (Takasago=Kaabukaa=Gurukun): Banana Fish, Blacktip Fusilier 
Kae (Gomaaigo=Hae=Yadouai): Deepbody Spinefoot, Golden Spinefoot 
Kahata (Shirohata=Hatahata=Kaminariuo): A Sandfish (Arstostopus japonicus)=Sailfin Sandfish=Japanese Sandfish 
Kajika: Bullhead  
Kajiki: Marlin (see gallery)  
Marlin variety: Bashookajiki (see picture 
                      Kurokajiki=Kurokawa=Katsuokui (Blue Marlin) 
                      Makajiki=Kajimaguro (Striped Marlin, Pacific Marlin, Spearfish, Swordfish)  
                                      (see picture 
                      Mekajiki (Broadbill Swordfish) (see picture) 
Kajimaguro (Makajiki): Striped Marlin, Pacific Marlin, Spearfish, Swordfish 
                                      (see picture) 
Kajira(Kasago): Scorpion Fish (Cottus pollux) 
Kampachi=Kanpachi 
Karasukarei: Turbot variety  
Kamasu: Barracuda  
Barracuda variety: Akakamasu
-----
                             Yamatokamasu: Sphyraena Japonica
-----
Kaminariuo (Shirohata=Kahata=Hatata): A Sandfish (Arstostopus japonicus)=Sailfin Sandfish=Japanese Sandfish 
Kanaashira (Hiredaka): Gurnard (lepidotrigla microptera) 
-----
Kando (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Buri=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Kanpachi: Seriola dumerili-Amberjack (see picture)   
Amberjack  variety: Hirenagakanpachi  
Karakuchiiwashi: Sardine variety 
Karei: Turbot (flatfish)  
Turbot varieties:  Amagarei=Makogarei  
                           Hoshigarei 
                           Ishigarei  
                           Karasukarei 
                           Makogarei=Amagarei 
-----
                           Meitagarei (Pleuronichthys cornutus) 
-----
                           Yanagimushigarei=Sasagarei=Yanagimushi (Willowy Flounder) 
Kasago(Kajira): Scorpion Fish (Cottus pollux/Sebastiscus marmoratus) 
-----
Scorpion Fish varieties: Ukkarikasago (Sebastiscus marmoratus) 
-----
                                    Togottomebaru 
-----
                                     Mebaru 
-----
Kasugo (Kodai=Suzumedai): Young Porgy(see picture
Katakuchiiwashi (Shirauo=Shirasu=Seguroiwashi=Shikoiwashi): Whitebait, Icefish,  
Japanese Anchovy (see picture) 
Katsuaji: Saurel variety 
Katsu (Magatsuo=Honkatsuo=Katsuo): Skipjack, Bonito, Oceanic Bonito, Skipjack Tuna 
Katsuo (Magatsuo=Honkatsuo=Katsu): Skipjack, Bonito, Oceanic Bonito, Skipjack Tuna 
Bonito variety: Modorikatsuo (Autumn bonito, very fat)  
                       Managatsuo  
Katsuokui (Kurokawa=Kurokajiki): Blue Marlin 
Kawahagi ("Gima"/local name. See also Usubahagi and Umazurahagi): Stephanolepis cirrhifer 
-----   
Kazunoko: Herring's Roe (nicknamed "Diamond" in Japanese) 
Keiji (Shirosake): Salmon variety   
Kiankoo (Kutsuankoo=Ankoo): Frogfish, Angler, Angler Fish, Goose Fish 
Kibinago: Spratelloides gracilis   
Kidai: Yellow seabream 
Kihachi: Tuna variety 
Kihada (Kihadamaguro=Kiwada=Kiwadamaguro=Kinhire=Kimeji): Autumn Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna, Yellow Fin (see picture) 
Kihadamaguro (Kihada=Kiwada=Kiwadamaguro=Kinhire=Kimeji): Autumn Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna, Yellow Fin (see picture) 
Kijihata (Akou): A kind of Seabream (Sebastodes matsubarae) 
Kimeji (Kihada=Kihadamaguro=Kiwada=Kiwadamaguro=Kinhire): Autumn Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna, Yellow Fin (see picture) 
Kinhire (Kihada=Kihadamaguro=Kiwada=Kiwadamaguro=Kimeji): Autumn Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna, Yellow Fin (see picture) 
Kinmeidai: Seabream variety   
Kinzake: Salmon variety 
Kisu (Shirogisu- see Toragisu): Sillago sihama-Sillago, Sand borer, Japanese Whiting (see other picture) 
----- 
Kitsunemasoi (Kitsunemebaru=Masoi): Fox Jacopever 
Kitsunemebaru (Masoi=Kitsunemasoi): Fox Jacopever 
Kiwada(Kihada=Kihadamaguro=Kiwadamaguro=Kinhire=Kimeji): Autumn Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna, Yellow Fin (see picture) 
Kiwadamaguro (Kihada=Kihadamaguro=Kiwada=Kinhire=Kimeji): Autumn Albacore, Yellowfin Tuna, Yellow Fin (see picture) 
Koaji: Saurel variety 
Kochi (Magochi): Flathead, Bar-tailed Flathead, Sand Scraper, River Gurnard (platycephalus) 
----- 
Kodai (Kasugo=Suzumedai): Young Porgy(see picture
Kohada (Konoshiro=Tsunashi): Gizzard Shad fish, Dotted Gizzard Shad, Spotted sardine, 
                        Small Sweet Sardine (see picture) (see picture)  (see picture) (see picture
Koi: Carp  
Konoshiro (Kohada=Tsunashi): Gizzard Shad fish, Dotted Gizzard Shad, Spotted sardine, 
                        Small Sweet Sardine (see picture) (see picture)  (see picture) (see picture
Kozokura (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Buri=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Koshiodai (Meichidai=Tamami): Seabream variety   
Koushoumaguro (Minamimaguro=Indomaguro): Southern Blue Fin Tuna  
                           (see picture) 
Kuchiguro (Ishidai=Shimadai=Hasu): Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw 
Kue(Ara=Moroko): Epinephebus Moara or Niphon spinosus-Kelp Bass, Kelp Grouper, Saladfish 
-----
Kujime=Agrammus agrammus 
-----
Kurodai (Chinu, Chinchin, Kaizu): Acanthopagrus schlegeli- 
A variety of Seabream 
-----
Kurokajiki (Kurokawa=Katsuokui): Blue Marlin 
Kurokawa (Kurokajiki=Katsuokui): Blue Marlin 
Kuromaguro: Blue Fin Tuna (see picture) 
Kuromatsu (Mutsu, Nodoguro):  A Japanese Blue Fish (Scombrops boops) 
Kuronoshinoshita=Sole variety (Paraplagusia japonica) 
------
Kurosoi: Fox Jacopever Variety 
Kutsuankoo (Ankoo=Kiankoo): Frogfish, Angler, Angler Fish, Goose Fish 
Maaji: Horse mackerel  
Maanago (Mesokko=Hakarime): White Spotter Conger, Japanese Conger 
-----
Madara: Cod variety   
Madai (Akaishidai=Mugiwaradai=Narutodai=Sakuradai): Porgy, Red Sea Bream-Pagrus major 
-----
Magochi (Kochi): Flathead, Bar-tailed Flathead, Sand Scraper, River Gurnard 
Magatsuo (Katsuo=Honkatsuo=Katsu): Skipjack, Bonito, Oceanic Bonito, Skipjack Tuna 
Maguro: Tuna (see gallery) 
Maguro varieties: Binnagamaguro (Albacore) (see picture 
                           Honmaguro (Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny) 
                           Kihachi  
                           Kihadamaguro=Kihada=Kiwada=Kiwadamaguro=Kinhire=Kimeji 
                                       (Autumn Albacore=Yellowfin Tuna=Yellowfin) (see picture 
                           Kuromaguro=Honmaguro=Maguto=Meji=Yokoaz=Shibi 
                                              (Blue Fin Tuna) (see picture) 
                           Mebachi (Big-eyed Tuna) (see picture) 
                           Meiji  (Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny) 
                           Minamimaguro=Indomaguro=Koushoumaguro  
                                                 (Southern Blue Fin Tuna) (see picture) 
                           Shibi (Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny) 
                           Tonbomaguro  
                           Yokowa (Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny) 
Maguro Sushi varieties: "Akami" (The reddest part of tuna meat) 
                                       (see picture) (see picture) (see picture) 
(see picture) (see picture) 
                                       "Chutoro" (Medium-fat part of tuna meat)  
                                       (see picture) (see picture
                                       "Hontoro" (Fat part of tuna meat)  
                                       "Magurozuke" (Marinated tuna) (see picture 
                                       (see picture) (see picture) (see picture) (see picture) 
                                       "Negitoromaki" (Chopped tuna & leek roll)  
                                       "Ootoro" (fattest part of tuna meat) 
                                       (see picture) (see picture) (see picture)  
                                       "Tekkamaki" (Tuna roll)  (see picture) 
Mahata (Variety of Hata-Also called Ara, Arakabu and Masu in Oita Prefecture): Epinephelus septemfasciatus-Seven Bands Grouper 
-----
Mahaze: Goby variety 
Maiwashi (Iwashi=Hirago): Sardine=Pilchard=True Sardine  
Makajiki (Kajimaguro): Striped Marlin, Pacific Marlin, Spearfish, Swordfish  
                                      (see picture) 
Mako(Amagarei=Amategarei=Hosokuchi=Makogarei=Shiroshitagarei): Marbled Sole 
Makogarei(Amagarei=Amategarei=Hosokuchi=Mako=Shiroshitagarei): Marbled Sole 
Mamamakari (Sappa): A Pilchard= Japanese Shad= Scaled Sardine=Japanese Scaled Sardine 
Managatsuo: Pampus argenteus-Bonito variety 
 ----- 
Manbou: Mambo Fish  
Masunosake: Chinook Salmon=King Salmon=Spring Salmon  
Masaba (Hirasaba): Mackerel=Chub Mackerel=Pacific Mackerel    
Masanma: Saury variety  
Masoi (Kitsunemebaru=Kitsunemasoi): Fox Jacopever  
Masu: Trout  
Trout varieties: Himemasu  
Trout Suchi variety: "Masunosuke" (Marinated trout)  
Masunosake= Chinook Salmon, King Salmon, Spring Salmon 
Matodai (also called Mondai, Zeniichi, Monhage in Oita Prefecture)=Japanese bass: Zeus japonicus
-----
Matsudai: Tripletails-Lobotes suranimensis 
-----
Matsukasauo: Monocentris japonicus
-----
Mayu (Hamafueki=Wiza=Taman): Bluestreak Emperor, Green Snapper 
Mebachi: Big-eyed Tuna (see picture) 
Mebaru: Scorpion Fish variety 
Meichidai (Koshiodai=Tamami): Seabream variety 
Meiji : Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny 
Meiname (Aburame=Aburako=Neu=Mozu): Greenling 
Mejina (also called Kuro in Oita Prefecture and Gure in Kansai area): Girella Punctata 
-----
Mejiro  (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Buri=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Mejirozame: Ground Shark 
Mekajiki: Broadbill Swordfish (see picture) 
Mesaba: Mackerel variety  
Mesokko (Maanago=Hakarime): White Spotter Conger, Japanese Conger 
Minamimaguro (Indomaguro=Koushoumaguro): Southern Blue Fin Tuna  
                             (see picture) 
Modorikatsuo: Autumn bonito, very fat 
Moroko (Kue=Ara): Kelp Bass, Kelp Grouper, Saladfish, Niphon spinosus 
Mozu (Meiname=Aburako=Neu=Aburame): Greenling 
Mugiwaradai (Akaishidai=Madai=Narutodai=Sakuradai): Porgy, Red Sea Bream 
Mureaji: Saurel variety  
Mutsu (Kuromatsu, Nodoguro):  A Japanese Blue Fish (Scombrops boops) 
Namazu: Catfish  
Narutodai (Akaishidai=Mugiwaradai=Madai=Sakuradai): Porgy, Red Sea Bream 
Neu (Meiname=Aburako=Aburame=Mozu): Greenling 
Nishin: Herring  
Herring related ingredients: Kazunoko (Herring's roe) (nicknamed   
                                          "Diamond" in Japanese) Komachi Konbu  
                                          (Herring's ro pressed on both sides of a  
                                           piece of seaweed)  
Nodoguro (Kuromatsu, Mutsu):  A Japanese Blue Fish (Scombrops boops) 
Ohyo: Pacific Halibut  
Onagai (Hamadai=Akamachi=Onagadai): Ruby Snapper 
Onagadai (Hamadai=Onaga=Akamachi): Ruby Snapper 
Oniokoze: Sting Fish (Inimicus japonicus) 
-----
Saba: Mackerel  
Mackerel varieties: Gomasaba:Scomber australasicus 
-----
                              Hirasaba or Hirasouda: Auxis thazard  
-----
                              Honsaba  
                              Marusouda: Auxis rochei 
-----
                              Masaba: Scomber japonicus 
-----
                              Mesaba  
                              Sekisaba  (see picture) 
                              Tokisaba  
Mackerel Sushi varieties: "Battera Zushi" (Sekisaba mackerel sushi)  
                                          "Shimesaba" (Picled mackerel)  
Sachi(Hakkaku=Tokubire=Wakamatsu): Sailfin Poacher (Podothecus sachi) 
Saeri (Saero=Sairenbou=Sayori=Saira=Sukubi=Suzu=Yamakiri=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Saero (Sayori=Sairenbou=Saeri=Saira=Sukubi=Suzu=Yamakiri=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Sagoshi: Young Sawara/Spanish Mackerel  
Saira (Saero=Sairenbou=Saeri=Sayori=Sukubi=Suzu=Yamakiri=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Sairenbou (Saero=Sayori=Saeri=Saira=Sukubi=Suzu=Yamakiri=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Sake (Shake): Salmon  
Salmon varieties: Benizake=Benimasu  
                          Keiji=Shirosake  
                          Kinzake  
                          Shirosake=Keiji  
Salmon-related ingredients: Ikura (Sujiko) (Salmon's roe, Chum Salmon's roe, Dog Salmon's roe, Keta's roe)  
                                          Harasu (Salmon belly part)  
Sakuradai (Akaishidai=Mugiwaradai=Narutodai=Madai): Porgy, Red Sea Bream 
Sakuradai related sushi variety: "Sakurazushi" ("Nigiri topped with sakuradai 
                                                and wrapped with cherry tree leaf)  
Same: Shark  
Shark related ingredient: Fukahire (Shark Fin)  
Samma: Saury, Mackerel Pike (see picture 
Mackerel Pike variety: Masanma  
Sappa (Mamamakari): A Pilchard= Japanese Shad= Scaled Sardine=Japanese Scaled Sardine 
Sasagarei(Yanagimushi=Yanagimushigarei): Willowy Flounder 
Sawara (Fuyu Sawara): Scomberomorus niphonius-Spanish Mackerel 
----- 
Sayori (Saero=Sairenbou=Saeri=Saira=Sukubi=Suzu=Yamakiri=Yodo): Hemiranphus Sajori=Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture) 
-----
Seguroiwashi (Shirauo=Katakuchiiwashi=Shirasu=Shikoiwashi): Whitebait, Icefish,  
Japanese Anchovy (see picture) 
Sekisaba: Mackerel variety  (see picture) 
Sekiaji: Saurel variety   
Shake (Sake): Salmon  
Shibi: Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny 
Shiira:   A Dorado (Coryphaena hipurrus) 
Shikoiwashi (Shirauo=Katakuchiiwashi=Seguroiwashi=Shirasu): Whitebait, Icefish,  
Japanese Anchovy (see picture) 
Shimaaji: Striped Jack 
-----
Shimadai (Ishidai=Kuchiguro=Hasu): Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw 
Shimasoi: Fox Jacopever Variety 
Shinko: Small Sweet Sardine (similar to Kohada)  
(Tara no) Shinko (Tarako): Female Cod Egg Pouch  
Shirakawa (Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Amadai=Shiroguji):  
            Snapper, Japanese Tilefish   
Shirako: Male Cod's Sperm Sacs, Milt, Soft Roe  
Male cod's sperm sacs varieties: Tarako (Tachi)  
                                                  Mentaiko (added with chili pepper)  
Shirasu (Shirauo=Katakuchiiwashi=Seguroiwashi=Shikoiwashi): Whitebait, Icefish,  
Japanese Anchovy (see picture) (see picture
Related Whitebait variety: Nama shirasu (raw whitebait=rarity)(see picture)  
Shirauo (Shirasu=Katakuchiiwashi=Seguroiwashi=Shikoiwashi): Whitebait, Icefish, 
Japanese Anchovy (see picture)  (see picture
Whitebait Sushi variety: "Shirauo no sakamushi" (Whitebait simmered in  
                                      Japanese rice wine)  
                                      "Shirauo no sakashiyomushi" (Whitebait  
                                      simmered in salted Japanese rice wine)  
Shiroamadai (Akaamadai=Amadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Shirakawa=Shiroguji): Branchiostegus argentatus-White variety of Snapper, Japanese Tilefish 
----- 
Shirogenge: Soft eelpout 
Shirogisu (Kisu): Sillago variety, Sand borer, Japanese Whiting (see picture) 
Shiroguji (Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Shirakawa=Amadai):  
            Snapper, Japanese Tilefish     
Shirohata (Hatahata=Kahata=Kaminariuo): A Sandfish (Arstostopus japonicus)=Sailfin Sandfish=Japanese Sandfish 
Shirosake (Keiji): Salmon variety 
Shyokara: Pickled Fish Innards  
Shiroshitagarei(Amagarei=Amategarei=Hosokuchi=Mako=Makogarei): Marbled Sole 
Soi: Fox Jacopever 
Soi  varieties: Gomasoi  
                     Kitsunemebaru=Masoi= Kitsunemasoi 
                     Kitsunemasoi =Kitsunemebaru=Masoi 
                     Kurosoi  
-----
                     Masoi=Kitsunemebaru=Kitsunemasoi 
                     Shimasoi  
Sujiko (Ikura): Salmon's Roe=Chum Salmon's roe=Dog Salmon's Roe=Keta's Roe) (see picture
Sukubi (Saero=Sairenbou=Saeri=Saira=Sayori=Suzu=Yamakiri=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Suzu (Saero=Sairenbou=Saeri=Saira=Sukubi=Sayori=Yamakiri=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Suzumedai (Kasugo=Kodai): Young Porgy(see picture
Suzuki: Lateolabrax japonicus-Common Seabass, Seabass, Japanese Sea Bass 
----- 
Tachiuo: Trichiurus lepturus-Scabbard Fish (see other picture) 
-----
Tai: Seabream(see picture) (see picture) (see picture) (see picture) 
Seabream varieties:   Akaamadai=Amadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Shirakawa 
                                =Shiroguji (Snapper=Japanese Tilefish)  
                                Akaishidai=Madai=Narutodai (Porgy) 
                                Akajin=Akajinmiibai=Maakajii (Blue Spotted Grouper) 
                                Akajinmiibai=Akajin=Maakajii (Blue Spotted Grouper) 
                                Akakuzuna=Amadai=Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Sherakawa 
                                =Shiroguji (Snapper=Japanese Tilefish)  
                                Amadai=Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna=Shirakawa 
                                =Shiroguji (Snapper=Japanese Tilefish)  
                                Ara=Kue=Moroko (Kelp Bass, Kelp Grouper, Saladfish) 
                                Chidai  
                                Guji=Amadai=Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Akakuzuna=Sherakawa 
                                =Shiroguji (Snapper=Japanese Tilefish) 
                                Hasu(Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw) 
                                 =Kuchiguro=Shimadai=Ishidai   
                                 Heidai  
                                 Ishidai (Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw) 
                                 =Kuchiguro=Shimadai=Hasu  
                                 Ishigakidai 
                                 Kasugo=Kodai=Suzumedai (Young Porgy) 
                                 Kidai (Yellow seabream)  
                                 Kinmeidai  
                                 Kodai=Kasugo=Suzumedai  
                                 Koshiodai=Meichidai=Tamami  
                                 Kue=Ara=Moroko (Kelp Bass, Kelp Grouper, Saladfish) 
                                 Kuchiguro(Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw) 
                                 =Ishidai =Shimadai=Hasu  
                                 Kurodai  
                                 Madai=Akaishidai=Narutodai (Porgy)  
                                 Maakajii=Akajin=Akajinmiibai=(Blue Spotted Grouper) 
                                 Meichidai=Tamami=Koshioudai  
                                 Moroko=Ara=Kue (Kelp Bass, Kelp Grouper, Saladfish) 
                                 Narutodai=Akaishidai=Madai (Porgy) 
                                 Sakuradai  
                                 Sakuradai related sushi variety: "Sakurazushi"   
                                 ("Nigiri topped with sakuradai and wrapped with  
                                 cherry tree leaf)  
                                 Shimadai(Parrot bass, Stone Flounder, Striped Knifejaw) 
                                 =Kuchiguro=Ishidai =Hasu  
                                 ShiroamadaiAmadai=Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji=Akakuzuna 
                                 =Shirakawa=Shiroguji (Snapper=Japanese Tilefish)  
                                Shiroguji=ShiroamadaiAmadai=Akaamadai=Shiroamadai=Guji 
                                =Akakuzuna =Shirakawa (Snapper=Japanese Tilefish)  
                                 Suzumedai=Kasugo=Kodai  
                                 Tamami=Meichidai=Koshioudai 
Seabream Sushi variety: Amadai no Konbujime (seabream meat  
                                     simmered in seaweed broth)   
Takasago (Gurukun=Kaabukaa=Kabukkuwataa): Banana Fish, Blacktip Fusilier 
Tamami (Koshiodai=Meichidai): Seabream variety   
Taman (Hamafueki=Wiza=Mayu): Bluestreak Emperor, Green Snapper 
Tara: Cod  
Cod varieties: Madara  
Cod related ingredient: (Tara no Shinko =Tarako) (Female cod egg pouch)  
                                   Shirako (Male cod sperm sacs) (see picture
Tennoaji (Tenzenaji, Tsuriaji): Wild Saurel  
Tenzenaji (Tennoaji, Tenzenaji)  (wild saurel)  
Tobiuo: Flying Fish: Gasterosteida
 
Flying Fish related ingredient: Tobikko (Flying fish roe)  
Togottomebaru: Scorpion Fish variety 
Tokisaba: Mackerel variety   
Tokubire(Hakkaku=Sachi=Wakamatsu): Sailfin Poacher (Podothecus sachi) 
Tonbomaguro: Tuna variety 
Tongo (Ezoinainame):  
Toragisu (or Kurakakegisu-same family as Kisu=Sand Borer):Neopercis sexfasciata 
-----
Tsubasu (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Buri  
         =Wakanago=Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Tsunashi (Konoshiro=Kohada): Gizzard Shad fish, Dotted Gizzard Shad, Spotted sardine, 
            Small Sweet Sardine (see picture) (see picture)  (see picture) (see picture
Tsuriaji (Tennoaji, Tenzenaji): Wild Saurel  
Ukkarikasago (Sebastiscus marmoratus): Scorpion Fish variety 
Umazurahagi: Thamnaconus modestus (Same family as Kawahagi) 
-----
Unagi: Eel: Anguilla japonica
----- 
Urumeiwashi: Sardine variety   
Usubahagi: Alteres monoceros (same family as Kawahagi) 
-----
Wakamatsu(Hakkaku=Sachi=Tokubire): Sailfin Poacher (Podothecus sachi) 
Wakanago(Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Buri =Wakashi=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Wakashi (Ao=Hanajiro=Hiramasa=Inada=Fukuragi=Kando=Kozokura=Mejiro=Tsubasu 
         =Wakanago=Buri=Warasa): Yellowtail, Amberjack, Japanese Amberjack 
Warasa: 2~3 year-old Yellowtail 
Wiza (Hamafueki=Taman=Mayu): Bluestreak Emperor, Green Snapper 
Yadouai (Gomaaigo=Hae=Kae): Deepbody Spinefoot, Golden Spinefoot 
Yagara (Akayagara): Fistularia commersonii  
Yagara  related variety: Akayagara (also called teppou in Oita Prefecture): Fistularia petimba
----- 
Yajibuka: Estuary Shark 
Yamakiri (Saero=Sairenbou=Saeri=Saira=Sukubi=Suzu=Sayori=Yodo): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Yanagimushi(Sasagarei=Yanagimushigarei)=Willowy Flounder 
Yanagimushigarei(Yanagimushi=Sasagarei)=Willowy Flounder 
Yodo (Saero=Sairenbou=Saeri=Saira=Sukubi=Suzu=Yamakiri=Sayori): Halfbeak, Japanese Halfbeak, Japanese Needlefish (see picture) (see picture)  
Yokowa:Tuna, Blue Fin Tuna, Tunny  

Robert-Gilles Martineau

 
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Acknowledgements &
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